Glaucoma is refers to a term for a number of diseases which can lead to vision loss. The loss of vision is caused by damage to the optic nerves which carriesbring signals from the eye to the brain.
Vision loss caused by glaucoma is permanent. The good news is that damage can be reduced or stopped preventedentirely if the disease is caught early and proper glaucoma treatment is givenadministered.
One of tOhe most common types of glaucoma, open-angle glaucoma, is slow moving to develop and does not have any obvious systems when it startsdoesn’t typically display any obvious symptoms in its early stages. The patient’s field of vision will be reducedegraded over time as the nerves are are continually damaged.damaged over time.
If glaucoma remains undiagnosed and untreated at this stage, partial or total blindness can occur.
The side, or peripheral, vision will start to fade first. Eventually it will be like the person is looking through a tunnel.
As the damage increases, the front, or central, vision will start to diminish. If nothing is done, partial to full blindness can occur.
Acute-angle closureClosed-angle glaucoma can happen faster often moves faster. It can cause hazy or blurred vision, rainbows or colored circles around bright lights, pain in the eyes or head, nausea, or sudden vision loss.
Acute-angle closure glaucomaIt can also happen slowly and have exhibit the same symptoms of as open-angle glaucoma.
Detection is the Best Defense
The best defense from against glaucoma of any kind is regular check ups with an optometristregular check-ups with an eye doctor. They will know what signs to look for and when to start treatment if needed.
One of the most common symptoms of glaucomamain signs of impending nerve damage is increased eyed pressure in the fluid of the eye. When “the intraocular” pressure in the eye is too high, the nerves are compressed and become damaged can happen. Everyone has different normal Normal pressure can vary between patients, so regular check-ups are essentialimportant to determine a baseline figure to compare future tests against.
Glaucoma does not always present with high blood intraocular pressure. Other tests are neededOther parts of the eye examination like testing the patient’s field of vision can also detect symptoms of glaucoma. In some cases, there are visible signs of glaucoma that show up during a routine examination of the back surface of the eye to keep a watch for changing vision.
If An optometrist will conduct many different tests during an exam. The first is a visual acuity test. We’ve all seen the chart with the different letters of different sizes on them. This test determines our ability to see clearly at different distances.
The visual field tests looks at how well we can see in our peripherals. Since peripheral vision is the first area to be affected by glaucoma, it is important to do every visit.
Thean optometrist believes they can see signs of glaucoma, they may will also dilate the eye patient’s pupils to allow more light into the eye for a closer, clearer inspection.and look inside. Retinal photography can also be useful in the detection of wear and tear caused by glaucoma.This allows them to see if there are any obvious signs of damage or changes in the cornea and retina. Those can be signs of disease or deterioration.
The thickness of the cornea may also be measured. As the pressure inside the eye builds, it pushes on the cornea which flattens it. Keeping track of the corneal thickness can help with early detection.
The most common glaucoma treatment is daily eye drops. If drops don’t ease the symptoms, your eye doctor may recommend laser treatment or surgery.
Alternative methods ofMore natural glaucoma treatment includes lifestyle changes like reducing caffeine intake, sipping water gradually through the day instead of inin large amounts, eating a nutritionally balanced diet, and taking certain supplements.
As always, consult with a physician to find the best plan for treatment. Glaucoma can affect anyone at any age, although it becomes more common with age. Other risk factors include a family history of the condition. Individuals with diabetes are also at a higher risk of developing glaucoma.
The only way to detect the early onset of the disease is to attend regular eye examinations. If you are overdue your next check-up or you’ve never had one before, contact your local eye doctor as soon as possible.